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Safe Bedding Practises

As a new parent, it is essential that you familiarize yourself with safe bedding practices for your baby and infant. A good place to start is with the Juvenile Products Manufacturer Association (JPMA).

The JPMA is a national trade organization that represents the juvenile industry. The JPMA represents companies that manufacture, import and/or distribute juvenile products in Canada, the United States and Mexico. A juvenile is defined as from prenatal to preschool.

The JPMA has developed a certification program designed to help parents purchase juvenile products with safety in mind. They have also created a set of guidelines to help parents avoid dangerous bedding practices.

In this article, we will summarize only some of the safe bedding practices in the JPMA guideline. To view the entire guideline please visit, and always speak to your pediatrician for childcare advice.

Some bedding guideline when setting up a nursery:

-Always use a tight-fitting crib sheet
-Never place additional padding under an infant. Only a tight fitted sheet, mattress pad, and/or waterproof pad should be used under the child.
-When using crib bumper pads, avoid those that are pillow like. Crib bumpers should tie or snap into place, and be secured. Bumper ties should never exceed nine inches. Always make sure the bumpers are secured along the side of the crib.
-Only use bumper pads until the child is old enough to pull into a standing position. Then remove them so the baby can not use them to climb out of the crib.
-Many crib bumpers are sold in four segments. For each segment, if all ties cannot be secured to the crib, do not use that segment.
-Never place an infant to sleep on pillows, sofa cushions, adult beds, waterbeds, beanbags, or any other surface not specifically designed for infant sleep.
-Always remove pillows, sheepskins, stuffed toys and products not intended as infant bedding from the crib when the infant is sleeping. Never place additional padding under the infant.
-Do not overdress your baby. Consider using a sleeper, wearable blanket or other sleep clothing as an alternative to any coverings.
-For newborns, consider swaddling. Discontinue swaddling when infants show signs of rolling over or can break free from the swaddle blanket or commercial products designed for swaddling.
-Check often for loose threads or stitching which could cause gagging or choking.
-Pediatricians recommend healthy infants be placed on their backs to sleep. unless otherwise advised by your physician.

For more information, please check with your pediatrician.